Science behind Bed Bug Treatment

Science behind Bed Bug Treatment

Bed bugs are the most nuisance pests in UK, and they are available in all residential, industrial, and commercial places. These bed bugs are blood-sucking insects that feed on human and animal blood. They can be found near furniture beds, inside wardrobes, and in your mattresses. Unfortunately, detecting or deterring these bed bugs is difficult because they are nocturnal insects and will roam during nighttime.

In addition, they are attracted to the sweat and carbon-di-oxide produced by humans. Though excavating bed bugs from your place is complex, professional experts can help you with the infestation. This article will discuss how bed bugs are eliminated and the Science behind Bed Bug treatment.

Generally, professional experts rely on these two methods for bed bug extermination. They are,

  • Chemical Treatment
  • Non-Chemical Treatment

Chemical Treatment

Chemical Treatment

In most situations, professionals use chemical-based pesticides to eradicate bug infestations effectively. It’s because bed bug infestations can be eliminated with this technique. But insecticides are applied in the process. Therefore, not everyone may benefit from non-chemical bug remedies. The most common chemicals include,

  • Pyrethroids
  • Neonicotinoids
  • Desiccants


A synthetic form of the natural insecticide present in chrysanthemum flowers is known as a pyrethroid. When used, these substances attack bed bugs’ neurological systems. The chemical will finally result in their death by paralysis. Pyrethroids are more efficient and less toxic to humans and pets than other chemicals.


A group of neuroactive pesticides are known as neonicotinoids similar to nicotine chemically. A nerve agent in the neonicotinoid attacks the bed bug’s central nervous system. The pesticide’s effects cause the bed bugs to become permanently paralysed and eventually pass away. The potency and efficiency of neonicotinoids against bed bugs are well recognised.



A desiccant is a material with hygroscopic qualities that serve as a drying agent. It’s utilised to make or keep the surrounding area’s climate dry. These chemicals are made from organic components like silica gel or diatomaceous earth. Desiccants kill bed bugs directly, unlike other techniques like insecticides, which merely deter them. Desiccants are a viable choice for long-term control because of this.

Non-Chemical Treatment

Alternatives to conventional chemical treatments include non-chemical ones. For bed bugs, there are numerous non-chemical remedies. But heat treatment and vacuuming are the most common non-toxic methods to treat bed bugs.

Science behind Bed Bug Treatment – Why Bed Bug Treatment Works?

Why Bed Bug Treatment Works

Treatment for bed bug infestations is successful because it eliminates bed bugs at every stage of their life cycle. The life cycle of a bed bug includes multiple phases, from egg to nymph to adult. Therefore, practical approaches can eliminate bed bugs at all growth phases, including eggs.

Additionally, a lot of bed bug removal techniques concentrate on the places where they are most likely to hide. Bed bugs are frequently seen in cracks and crevices in furniture, walls, and other places. You may get rid of the bed bugs by focusing on these locations and using the right techniques. Not only that, but you can also stop bed bugs from coming back.


The above listed are the most common methods to eliminate bed bugs from your place. I hope the article will help you understand the science behind the bed bug treatment and how it works. If you have bed bugs in your place, it is advisable to hire a professional pest control service immediately to prevent your place from bed bug infestations.